After watching the interview with Brendan Meade and Susan Murphy and learning about how difficult it is to predict earthquakes, I was left wondering more about how prediction in the earth science field will advance, and how earth scientists feel about the difficulty required to advance. Because of the rarity of earthquakes and how difficult it is to collect meaningful data, simulation and AI are becoming much more helpful in predicting earthquakes. However, from how Professor Meade described the situation, it seems present earthquake models are so simplified that they aren't that helpful, and that making them more complex would require a leap in available computing power. Here I would have asked, "can the field advance without an increase in computer power for simulations? Does it ever feel hopeless to not have any new helpful data, and to instead have to simply wait for technology to advance?" This problem reminded me somewhat of the struggle particle psychists feel when there's a lapse between new large sources of data like particle accelerators. I took a freshman seminar with particle physicist Lisa Randall last semester who spoke a bit about this, and how they have to wait for a more powerful particle accelerator potentially decades away before they can make any new large discoveries.
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That is a very interesting question. With how highly unpredictable earthquakes are, it seems like it could take a while before earthquakes can be accurately predicted. As a result, it would be very frustrating to be in the field and have to wait for advances in technology before better models of prediction can be made.
I think this is a super interesting question, because advancements in technology have always changed the way research is performed in other fields. Without technology to perform calculation and validate predictions, there is no way to further advance research, since these predictions are simply speculations. So I'd say that, generally, without an advancement in technology that enables better measurements or calculations, the research in earthquakes will probably lull, as you mentioned in the field of particle physics.